Types of Car Accidents

In 2002 alone, there were six million car accidents reported in the United States. Car accidents happen every day, many of which resulting in fatalities and serious injuries. There are many forms of car accidents, however, and depending on the type of car accident you were involved in could determine who was liable and how much damages you can collect.

The most common types of car accidents include:

A rollover is when a car flips over- whether that be on to its side or whether that be a complete roll, with the roof of the car now touching the ground. Common causes of a rollover accident include speeding or sharp turns. A runoff is when a car swerves in order to not hit a vehicle, animal or person and ends up running into a tree or landing in a ditch. Most of the time a runoff crash only involves one car. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration released that 16.1% of accidents in America are runoffs.

In the case of a head-on collision, this typically occurs when a car enters a lane from the opposite side of the street. A head-on collision can easily occur when a driver is asleep or drunk at the wheel. Other factors that can cause a head-on collision include when a car enters a road from the wrong direction. A rear-end collision accounts for 29.6% of accidents, which explains the well-known phrase "fender bender." Rear-end collisions can include a simple brush with another vehicle or can result in both cars needing to be totaled. Tail gating is one common cause that results in rear-end collisions.

In a side impact crash, factors that can cause this accident include: when a vehicle runs a stop sign, skids out of control and hits another vehicle or when a car merges into another car's lane. Other common side impact crashes include when a car hits a fire hydrant on the side. Like rear-end collisions, side impact accidents are common, causing 28.9% of crashes in the United States.

Establishing Liability

In order to establish liability in a car crash, it must be proved that the other driver was negligent, reckless or demonstrated intentional misconduct. Another basic level of fault is "strict liability," in which there is the absence of fault, but a manufacturing or trucking company could be held liable for a defective product or for the transportation of hazardous materials (explosives).

Once you establish that the defendant had a duty, he breached that duty and that breach of duty resulted in the injuries you sustained, you have a personal injury lawsuit. Sometimes both drivers are at fault, a condition known as "contributory negligence." In Texas, "proportional comparative fault" laws are used, meaning, if you are above a certain percentage of fault, you are not eligible to collect damages. While some accidents are pretty straightforward, as far as who is at fault, in other cases liability can be extremely difficult to determine.

What cases are pretty clean-cut as to who is at fault?

  • In a rear-end accident, the driver behind you is always at fault. That driver can be held liable because he/she is supposed to stay a safe distance behind you at all times.
  • In a left-turn accident, the driver who is going straight has the right of way. Unless you were running a red light or were speeding, you can hold the other party liable.

Get help today!

If you need help determining who was at fault for your accident, a Dallas car accident lawyer from Zinda Law Group would love to assist you. Our firm has been named Texas Superlawyers® and has extensive experience handling a wide variety of car accident cases. We are members of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum, are Better Business Bureau accredited and have been named among the "Top 40 Under 40." If you are looking for someone to patiently guide you through the entire legal process facing you and to aggressively fight for the damages you deserve, you have come to the right place. Representing our clients is what we do and our passion to serve them in whatever ways possible is what defines us. Call Zinda Law Group today at (800) 863-5312 for a 100% free case evaluation with our experienced Dallas personal injury lawyers.