Gender discrimination is defined as discrimination based upon gender. Women are typically the recipient of this type of discrimination although there are occurrences of male discrimination. Sexist attitudes, disparate work conditions, and behaviors that promote stereotypical social roles based upon gender frequently occur within the U.S. workplace.
Equal Pay Day
Even though women make up more than half of the U.S. workforce, there are still vast disparities in pay levels between men and women. To highlight this disparity, women around the globe observe Equal Pay Day every year. The actual date of the observation is dynamic; it is a moving target since the date represents the entirety of days beyond the previous year end that women must work to match the wages earned by men in the previous year.
In 2014, Equal Pay Day fell on April 8th representing the fact that women had to work more than one quarter year longer – in excess of 15 months – just to earn the same amount of money that men earned doing the same work in 2013. Progress has been made, but it has been incredibly slow and there is still a great disparity in pay levels between men and women doing essentially the same work. In 1963, women earned 59 cents for every dollar that men made. In the fifty years since that time, women have improved their lot by a mere 18 cents and currently make 77 cents for every dollar that men make according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Gender Discrimination Prohibited
Since 1963, Congress has attempted to level the playing field when it comes to gender discrimination. To that end, they have passed three Federal laws that are intended to prohibit gender discrimination in employment including the Equal Pay Act; Title VII of the Civil Rights Act; and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act.
- Equal Pay Act of 1963 – an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act that was originally enacted in 1938; the law prohibits the payment of unequal wages to men and women who perform essentially the same work.
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – prohibits discrimination in any aspect of employment based on gender, race, religion or national origin. It also prohibits employers from making employment decisions that are based on stereotypical assumptions that related to gender.
- Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 – this act amended Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and prohibits discrimination against either parent on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth or any other medically related condition of pregnancy.
After decades there are still significant problems with regard to discrimination in the workplace based upon gender. Federal laws have been enacted to prohibit discrimination in terms or conditions of employment including hiring, firing, job assignments, wages, benefits, promotions or layoffs, and yet, discrimination clearly prevails.
Protect Your Rights
If you have experienced discriminated in the workplace that is related to your gender, you can file a claim for gender discrimination. The federal laws that prohibit gender discrimination also provide compensation for those who have been discriminated against including back wages, benefits, attorney’s fees and costs. The attorneys at the law office of Zinda Law Group have the experience and expertise to get the compensation that has been denied to you. Call us at (800) 863-5312 to speak with one of our attorneys. The call is free and the consultation is too, so call today.